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Vocabulaire d'architecture égyptienne
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ISBN: 978-2-87457-053-7 | EAN: 9782874570537 | REF. PREC02
par Franck Monnier

Coll. Précisions, 2
2013 | 304 pages, en couleurs
39,50 €

Vocabulaire d'architecture égyptienne



Book in French, with an English index. — This handbook is intended for the student, the researcher and the Egyptologist who would like to use the terms related to Egyptian architecture from the Predynastic to the Roman period with all due rigour and accuracy. It will also be highly valuable to the enthusiast who encounters specialized terms related to this kind of architecture for which a clear and precise definition is very often difficult to find.
This book, illustrated with around a hundred photographs and a hundred explanatory drawings, gathers about 900 terms that can be searched intuitively and in various ways. They are categorized according to their architectural style, but can also be found in alphabetical order in several indexes: French/English, English/French and hieroglyphic Egyptian/French. The definitions are sometimes supplemented by discussions on the terms in question, in order to establish their suitability and their usage.

Target audience
This book is aimed at students, journalists, researchers and Egyptologists, as well as Ancient Egypt enthusiasts.


The author
Franck Monnier is an engineer very keen on Egyptology, who specialized in the study of Egyptian architecture under all its aspects (engineering, archaeology, historical textual and iconographic evidence). He wrote several scientific articles and a book on Egyptian fortresses, also released by Safran Publishers, which has been recognized as the best publication on the fortification's history of the year 2010 by the HFSC (History of Fortification Study Centre) of Moscow. He currently carries out research on structural elements specific to Egyptian construction.


Table of contents

Préface
Remerciements

Introduction

 Première partie

- Matériaux
- Éléments de maçonnerie
- Maçonnerie
- Maçonnerie et structure d’une pyramide
- Le mur
- Construction en bois et végétaux
- Procédés et éléments de construction
- Taille et état de la pierre

Deuxième partie
- Ouvertures (portes, jours, fenêtres, aérations)
- Escaliers
- Couvertures
- Supports verticaux (colonnes, piliers, pilastres)
- Couvrement

Troisième partie
- Architecture religieuse
- Architecture funéraire
- Architecture civile
          Divisions, habitations et palais
          Termes liés à la production
          Contrôle de l’eau
          Route, port et quai
- Architecture militaire

Quatrième partie
- Décoration et mouluration
- Statues, stèles et obélisques

Appendice
Mécanique statique et diagnostic
          Déformations
          Forces
          Organes de stabilité
          Sollicitations

Lexique égyptien-français

Notes de fin

Index
Français-Anglais-Égyptien
Anglais-Français-Égyptien

Bibliographie
Liste et crédits des illustrations



View a few pages in PDF


Index (English - French - Egyptian)

Abacus

Abutment

Abutment (of a vault)

Acacia

Accretion / Accretion layer

Acephalous statue

Addorsed temple

Adobe

Air channels

Air shaft

Alabaster

Alfa grass

Alignment

Altar

Ambulatory

Ambulatory temple

Anathyrosis

Androcephalus sphinx

Androsphinx

Anepigraphic

Anorthositic gneiss

Anta

Antechamber

Anthropomorphic statue

Anthroposphinx

Anubieion

Apartment

Apex

Apothem

Apotropaic statue

Apotropaic stela

Aqueduct

Arch

Arch-stone

Architrave

Arrow loop

Ashlar

Ashlar masonry

Attached column

Attached pillar

Avant-porte

Backing stone

Baked brick

Balustrade

Balustrade

Banquette / Bench

Barbican

Bark hall

Bark shrine

Barracks

Barrel vault

Bartizan

Basalt

Base

Base (of a wall)

Base rounded at the top

Basin

Basin

Basket vault

Bastion

Bath

Bath cesspit

Batter

Battlement

Battlement walk

Beaded joint

Beam

Bearing wall

Bed

Bed face

Bed rock

Bedding joint

Bekhen (stone)

Bell

Bell-shaped capital

Bellows

Bench

Bent pyramid

Berm

Bevel

Binder

Birth-brick

Birth-house

Black granit

Blistering

Block statue

Boat pit

Boat slipway

Bolt

Bômides

Bonded quoining

Bonded stonework / Bonded brickwork

Bonding

Border stela

Bossage

Boundary stela

Boundary stone

Brazier

Break (in a masonry course)

Breast wall

Breastwork

Brick

Bridge

Broken course

Broken lintel gateway /

Broken door

Broken tile mortar

Bronze

Bubasteion

Bucheum

Buckling

Bulge

Bulging

Bulging shaft

Bull header

Bull stretcher

Burial chamber

Burial pit

Burial shaft

Burnt brick

Bust statue

Buttress

Cairn

Caisson (technique)

Calcite

Camp

Campaniform capital

Campaniform column

Canal

Canopy

Canopy throne / Canopy

Capital

Carved stela

Casemate / Casement

Casing

Casing masonry

Catacomb

Catenary vault

Causeway

Cavetto

Cedar of lebanon

Ceiling

Ceiling

Cella

Cellular construction

Cellular foundation

Cenotaph

Center

Centering

Central nave

Chamber

Chamfer

Channel

Channel

Channel used for inserting plaster

Chapel

Charge

Chicane

Cilician fir

Circumvallation

Citadel

Clamp

Clamp

Claustra

Clay

Clear span

Cleaving

Clerestory

Closed stairs

Closing rope

Cluster shaft

Coating

Coating

Coffer construction

Collar binding

Collector

Colonnade

Colossus

Column

Column-like stela

Column shaft

Column statue

Commandment

Composite capital

Composite column

Composite masonry

Compression

Console

Construction shaft

Construction shaft

Contra-temple

Contravallation

Copper

Corbel

Corbel vault / Corbelling vault

Core

Cornice

Corridor

Counter batter

Counterscarp

Course

Cramp

Creep

Crenel

Crenellation

Criocephalus sphinx

Criosphinx

Crocodilo-

cephalous statue

Cromlech

Cross beam

Cross wall

Crossette

Crucible

Cruciform installation

Crypt

Cubic statue

Cult terrace

Cupola

Cupola

Cupule

Curtain wall

Curtain wall

Curve

Curved wall

Cushion-shaped base

Cutting up

Cylindrical (round) base

Cylindrical (round) base angled off at the top

Cylindrical column

Cylindrical shaft

Cynocephalus statue

Cypress

Dabsh

Dam

Date palm

Dead angle

Dead ground (fortification)

Dead plaster

Dead space

Decorative brick

Deflexion

Deformation

Descending passage

Die (of a column)

Die (of a pedestal)

Dike

Diorite

Directly on the ground foundation

Discharging vault

Distribution frame

Ditch

Divine complex

Divine slaughter house

Divine temple

Djed pillar

Dock

Dockyard

Dom palm

Door

Door drum

Door leaf

Door post

Door-socket

Doorframe

Doorway

Dorsal pillar

Double false-door

Double sloping pyramid

Dovetail clamp / Dovetail cramp / Butterfly cramp

Dowel

Dowel

Drain

Draw-bridge

Dressed stone

Dressing

Dromos

Drum

Dry ditch

Dry joint

Drystone masonry

Dug hole

Dwarf wall

Dwelling

Edged-placed vault

Egyptian cavetto cornice

Eight-stemmed capital / Eight-lobed capital

Electrum

Enclosure

Entablature / Entablement

Entablature / Entablement

Entasis

Entrance hall

Epistyle

Esplanade

Estate

Excavated material

Excavation

Extension

Extrados

Face (v.)

Face (n.)

Face / Facing

False bed

False door

False door stelae

False vault

Fat mortar

Fausse-braie

Favissa

Fieldstone masonry

Fill

Fillet stone

Filling

Filling material

Filling piece

Final dressing

Finish plaster

Finishings

Fir

Five niches hall

Fixing into masonry

Flagstaff / Flagpole

Flank

Flanking

Flanking tower

Flat band

Flat joint

Flight

Flood hatch

Floor

Floor

Flue tile

Flush joint

Flute

Fluted column

Fluting

Fluted shaft

Footing / Base

Force

Fort

Fortification

Fortified place

Fortress

Fortress of the gods

Foundation

Foundation deposit

Four-lobed capital

Four-sided

Frame

Freestanding

Friction

Frieze

Frieze of flowers

Front

Front / Front wall

Front statue

Front temple

Funerary complex

Funerary cone

Funerary enclosure

Furnace

Gallery

Garden

Gargoyle

Gate / Gateway

Gateway with a cavetto cornice

Gauging

Girdle wall

Glacis

Godroon

Gold

Granary

Granit / Granite

Granodiorite

Grave

Grave of courtier

Greywacke

Groove

Groove for final dressing

Gypsum

Hall of appearances

Harbour

Harem

Hathor-headed capital

Hathor-headed column

Haunch

Hawk-headed sphinx

Head jamb

Header (masonry)

Heb-sed pavilion

Hemispeos

Heraldic pillar

Herring-bone work

Hieracocephalus sphinx

Hieracosphinx

High wall

Hollowing out

Holy of the holies

Horizontal course

Horizontal flanking

Horned altar

House

House of life

Human-handed sphinx

Human-headed sphinx

Hut

Hydragogue

Hypaethral temple

Hypogeum

Hyponome

Hypostyle hall

Impluvium

Impost

In-and-out bond

Inclined bed

Inclined course

Inner arrangement

(of a pyramid)

Inner enclosure

Inner slope (fortification)

Inner temple

Inner temple

Inselberg

Interaxial distance

Intercolumniation

Intermediate landing

Internal ramp

Intrados

Irregular masonry

Isodomic masonry

Jamb

Joint

Joist

Jubilar temple

Jujube

Key-stone

Kiosk

Krossai

L-shaped corner block

Labyrinth

Landing

Landing stage

Large concave moulding of quarter round profile

Lateral opening

Lateral sloping ramp

Layer

Layer (of a vault)

Lean mortar

Leosphinx

Level (v.)

Level down (v.)

Level surface / Levelling course

Levelling course

Lever hole / Lever socket

Library

Light opening

Lighthouse

Lime

Lime mortar

Limestone

Lintel

Lintel curved from below

Lip

Liquid grouting

Load

Load-bearing wall

Loads carried to the ground

Lock

Log

Loophole

Lotus cluster capital

Lotus cluster column

Lower door-socket

Machicolation

Magazine

Magic brick

Main part of a building

Main structure

Malqaf

Mammisi

Manhole

Margin

Masonry

Masonry

Masonry with alternate courses of headers and stretchers

Masonry with courses of headers and stretchers

Mass

Mastaba

Mat

Mat (masonry)

Megalith

Menhir

Merlon

Metal

Metapelite

Migdol

Minor step pyramid

Modius

Monolith

Monumental gateway

Monumental scarab

Mooring bollard

Mortar

Mortar

Mortar joint

Mortise

Mortuary temple

Mould / Moulding

Moulded brick

Mound

Mud brick

Mud mortar

Mullion

Muna coating

Naked (column)

Naophorous statue

Naos

Narrow part

Nawamis

Necropolis

Newel post

Niche

Niched architecture

Niched wall

Nilometer

Nubian sandstone

Nubian vault

Nucleus

Nummulitic limestone

Obelisk

Oculus

Offering hall

One wythe

Open hearth

Open lotus capital

Opening

Opening

Opus incertum joint

Orthostat

Osiride pillar / Osiride column

Out-of-plumb

Outer enclosure

Outer slope (fortification)

Overturning

Palace

Palace façade motif

Palisade

Palmiform capital

Palmiform column

Paneion

Panel

Papyrus bud capital

Papyrus bud column

Papyrus cluster capital

Papyrus cluster column

Parapet

Parapet (fortification)

Partition wall

Passage way

Patch

Pathway

Pavement / Paving

Pavement / Paving

Pavilion

Pedestal

Percussion

Peribolos

Peripteral temple

Peristasis

Peristyle

Peristyle court

Perpend

Pestle

Pier

Pier (of a vault)

Pilaster

Pillar

Pillar statue

Pillar-like stela

Pin (masonry)

Pipe

Pisé

Pit

Pivot

Plaster

Plaster mortar

Plating

Plinth

Plinth

Plugging block

Plumb

Pointed barrel vault

Pole

Pole

Polygonal shaft

Porch

Portcullis

Portico

Post

Postern

Precinct wall

Press

Prismatic recess

Private tomb

Projection

Pronaos

Prop

Proportion

Propyleum

Propylon

Prostyle temple

Protective boss

Protodoric column

Protopylon

Provincial pyramid

Ptolemaic lime

Putlog

Pylon

Pylon tower

Pyramid

Pyramid temple

Pyramid town

Pyramidion

Qanât

Quarry

Quartzite

Quatrefoil capital

Quay

Quay

Quern

Quoining

Radiating and crossing walls

Raft

Raked joint

Ram-headed sphinx

Ram-headed statue

Rammed earth

Ramp

Rampart

Range masonry

Re-used block

Recess for inserting door leaf

Recessed joint

Recessed wall

Red granite

Reed

Regular coursed masonry

Regular masonry

Reinforced wall

Reinforcement

Relieving chamber

Relieving vault

Retaining wall

Reveal

Rib

Ribbed column

Ribbed shaft

Ring (of a vault)

Rise

Riser of a step

Rising joint

Rock temple

Rocker

Roof / Roof covering / Roofing

Roof slab

Rough (stone)

Rough cut

Rough-cut block / Rough ashlar

Roughing

Round column

Round shaft

Rounded top wall

Row

Rowlock header

Rubble masonry

Rubble stone

Rubble work

Rush

Rustication

Sacred lake

Saddle vault

Saff tomb

Sanatorium

Sand

Sarcophagus

Satellite pyramid

Scaffolding

Scarp

Scarped (wall)

Schist

Screen wall

Sculpture in the round

Sebakh

Secondary tomb / Grave

Section

Serapeion

Serapeum

Serdab

Serdab squints

Settling

Sewer

Shaft

Shaft tomb

Shear

Shell (of a building)

Shena-wab

Shore

Shoulder

Shrine

Silicified sandstone

Silo

Silt

Silver

Simple door frame

Sinking

Sinusoidal wall

Sistrum column

Sistrum statue

Skeleton walls

Slab

Sliding block

Sliding bolt

Slope

(of a pyramid)

Small column

Small edifice

Small fort

Socle

Soffit

Soldier course

Solicitation

Spalling

Span

Speos

Sphinx

Sphinx alleyway

Spiraling ramp

Splay

Splayed sill and head

(of a window)

Splitting

Springer

Springing

Spur wall

Square

Squaring

Stairs / Stairway

Stairwell wall

Standard-bearing statue

Standing stone

Staple

Statue

Stela

Stela-bearing statue

Step

Step

Step pyramid

Stepped course

Stereobate

Stereotomy

Stiffener

Stilted vault

Stone

Stone circle

Straight sloping ramp

Strengthening wall

Stress

Stretcher

String wall

Stronghold

Strut

Stuc / Stucco

Stucco-work

Stylobate

Subsidence

Subsidiary pyramid

Subsidiary tomb / Grave

Substructure / Substruction

Sun court

Sun temple

Superstructure

Support

Surrounding wall

Swnw tower

Sycomore

Tabernacle

Tafla

Talatat

Tamarisk

Tank

Tapering / Trapezoidal

Temenos

Temper

Temple

Temple of millions of years

Tenon

Tension

Tent-pole column

Terrace

Terraced temple

Theophoric statue

Thick joint

Thickening

Thin joint

Thinning

Threshold

Thrust

Timber

Timber framework

Tomb

Toothing masonry

Top

Top face

Torsion

Torus base

Torus moulding

Torus moulding

Tower

Traction

Transenna

Transom light door

Transom panel

Transport boss

Trapezoidal stonework

Tread depth / Tread of a step

Treading vat

Treasure

Trench

True pyramid

Truncated tapered base

Truncated tapered shaft

Tumulus

Tunnel vault

Tuyères

Underwashing / Undermining

Undulated course

Undulating wall

Unsorted stones

Upper door-socket

Upright megalith

Valley temple

Vault

Vault

Vaulted roof

Vaulted roof

Ventilating

Vertical base

(of a column)

Vertical base angled off at the top

Vertical flanking

Vertical vault

Voussoir

Voussoir next the key-stone

Wabet

Wall

Wall base

Wall bracket

Wall face / Wall plane

Warehouse

Watchtower

Water ditch

Water spout

Wattle / Wattlework

Wattle-and-daub

Wavy wall

Way station

Weight

Well

Well chamber

Whitewash

Widened base

Windcatcher

Winding stairs

Window

Window grille

Window with grille

Window leaf

Window of appearances

Window of shu

Window opening

Window with grille

Winged sun

Wood

Wooden-supported bartizan

Work / Masonry

Wrapping ramp

Zenithal opening

Zig-zagging ramp

Zoomorphic statue

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