Vocabulaire d'architecture égyptienne
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ISBN: 978-2-87457-053-7 | EAN: 9782874570537
par Franck Monnier

Coll. Précisions, 2
304 pages, en couleurs
2013
39.50 €

Vocabulaire d'architecture égyptienne



Book in French, with an English index. — This handbook is intended for the student, the researcher and the Egyptologist who would like to use the terms related to Egyptian architecture from the Predynastic to the Roman period with all due rigour and accuracy. It will also be highly valuable to the enthusiast who encounters specialized terms related to this kind of architecture for which a clear and precise definition is very often difficult to find.
This book, illustrated with around a hundred photographs and a hundred explanatory drawings, gathers about 900 terms that can be searched intuitively and in various ways. They are categorized according to their architectural style, but can also be found in alphabetical order in several indexes: French/English, English/French and hieroglyphic Egyptian/French. The definitions are sometimes supplemented by discussions on the terms in question, in order to establish their suitability and their usage.

Target audience
This book is aimed at students, journalists, researchers and Egyptologists, as well as Ancient Egypt enthusiasts.


The author
Franck Monnier is an engineer very keen on Egyptology, who specialized in the study of Egyptian architecture under all its aspects (engineering, archaeology, historical textual and iconographic evidence). He wrote several scientific articles and a book on Egyptian fortresses, also released by Safran Publishers, which has been recognized as the best publication on the fortification's history of the year 2010 by the HFSC (History of Fortification Study Centre) of Moscow. He currently carries out research on structural elements specific to Egyptian construction.


Table of contents

Préface
Remerciements

Introduction

Première partie

- Matériaux
- Éléments de maçonnerie
- Maçonnerie
- Maçonnerie et structure d’une pyramide
- Le mur
- Construction en bois et végétaux
- Procédés et éléments de construction
- Taille et état de la pierre

Deuxième partie
- Ouvertures (portes, jours, fenêtres, aérations)
- Escaliers
- Couvertures
- Supports verticaux (colonnes, piliers, pilastres)
- Couvrement

Troisième partie
- Architecture religieuse
- Architecture funéraire
- Architecture civile
          Divisions, habitations et palais
          Termes liés à la production
          Contrôle de l’eau
          Route, port et quai
- Architecture militaire

Quatrième partie
- Décoration et mouluration
- Statues, stèles et obélisques

Appendice
Mécanique statique et diagnostic
          Déformations
          Forces
          Organes de stabilité
          Sollicitations

Lexique égyptien-français

Notes de fin

Index
Français-Anglais-Égyptien
Anglais-Français-Égyptien

Bibliographie
Liste et crédits des illustrations



View a few pages in PDF


Index (English - French - Egyptian)
Abacus
Abutment
Abutment (of a vault)
Acacia
Accretion / Accretion layer
Acephalous statue
Addorsed temple
Adobe
Air channels
Air shaft
Alabaster
Alfa grass
Alignment
Altar
Ambulatory
Ambulatory temple
Anathyrosis
Androcephalus sphinx
Androsphinx
Anepigraphic
Anorthositic gneiss
Anta
Antechamber
Anthropomorphic statue
Anthroposphinx
Anubieion
Apartment
Apex
Apothem
Apotropaic statue
Apotropaic stela
Aqueduct
Arch
Arch-stone
Architrave
Arrow loop
Ashlar
Ashlar masonry
Attached column
Attached pillar
Avant-porte
Backing stone
Baked brick
Balustrade
Balustrade
Banquette / Bench
Barbican
Bark hall
Bark shrine
Barracks
Barrel vault
Bartizan
Basalt
Base
Base (of a wall)
Base rounded at the top
Basin
Basin
Basket vault
Bastion
Bath
Bath cesspit
Batter
Battlement
Battlement walk
Beaded joint
Beam
Bearing wall
Bed
Bed face
Bed rock
Bedding joint
Bekhen (stone)
Bell
Bell-shaped capital
Bellows
Bench
Bent pyramid
Berm
Bevel
Binder
Birth-brick
Birth-house
Black granit
Blistering
Block statue
Boat pit
Boat slipway
Bolt
Bômides
Bonded quoining
Bonded stonework / Bonded brickwork
Bonding
Border stela
Bossage
Boundary stela
Boundary stone
Brazier
Break (in a masonry course)
Breast wall
Breastwork
Brick
Bridge
Broken course
Broken lintel gateway /
Broken door
Broken tile mortar
Bronze
Bubasteion
Bucheum
Buckling
Bulge
Bulging
Bulging shaft
Bull header
Bull stretcher
Burial chamber
Burial pit
Burial shaft
Burnt brick
Bust statue
Buttress
Cairn
Caisson (technique)
Calcite
Camp
Campaniform capital
Campaniform column
Canal
Canopy
Canopy throne / Canopy
Capital
Carved stela
Casemate / Casement
Casing
Casing masonry
Catacomb
Catenary vault
Causeway
Cavetto
Cedar of lebanon
Ceiling
Ceiling
Cella
Cellular construction
Cellular foundation
Cenotaph
Center
Centering
Central nave
Chamber
Chamfer
Channel
Channel
Channel used for inserting plaster
Chapel
Charge
Chicane
Cilician fir
Circumvallation
Citadel
Clamp
Clamp
Claustra
Clay
Clear span
Cleaving
Clerestory
Closed stairs
Closing rope
Cluster shaft
Coating
Coating
Coffer construction
Collar binding
Collector
Colonnade
Colossus
Column
Column-like stela
Column shaft
Column statue
Commandment
Composite capital
Composite column
Composite masonry
Compression
Console
Construction shaft
Construction shaft
Contra-temple
Contravallation
Copper
Corbel
Corbel vault / Corbelling vault
Core
Cornice
Corridor
Counter batter
Counterscarp
Course
Cramp
Creep
Crenel
Crenellation
Criocephalus sphinx
Criosphinx
Crocodilo-
cephalous statue
Cromlech
Cross beam
Cross wall
Crossette
Crucible
Cruciform installation
Crypt
Cubic statue
Cult terrace
Cupola
Cupola
Cupule
Curtain wall
Curtain wall
Curve
Curved wall
Cushion-shaped base
Cutting up
Cylindrical (round) base
Cylindrical (round) base angled off at the top
Cylindrical column
Cylindrical shaft
Cynocephalus statue
Cypress
Dabsh
Dam
Date palm
Dead angle
Dead ground (fortification)
Dead plaster
Dead space
Decorative brick
Deflexion
Deformation
Descending passage
Die (of a column)
Die (of a pedestal)
Dike
Diorite
Directly on the ground foundation
Discharging vault
Distribution frame
Ditch
Divine complex
Divine slaughter house
Divine temple
Djed pillar
Dock
Dockyard
Dom palm
Door
Door drum
Door leaf
Door post
Door-socket
Doorframe
Doorway
Dorsal pillar
Double false-door
Double sloping pyramid
Dovetail clamp / Dovetail cramp / Butterfly cramp
Dowel
Dowel
Drain
Draw-bridge
Dressed stone
Dressing
Dromos
Drum
Dry ditch
Dry joint
Drystone masonry
Dug hole
Dwarf wall
Dwelling
Edged-placed vault
Egyptian cavetto cornice
Eight-stemmed capital / Eight-lobed capital
Electrum
Enclosure
Entablature / Entablement
Entablature / Entablement
Entasis
Entrance hall
Epistyle
Esplanade
Estate
Excavated material
Excavation
Extension
Extrados
Face (v.)
Face (n.)
Face / Facing
False bed
False door
False door stelae
False vault
Fat mortar
Fausse-braie
Favissa
Fieldstone masonry
Fill
Fillet stone
Filling
Filling material
Filling piece
Final dressing
Finish plaster
Finishings
Fir
Five niches hall
Fixing into masonry
Flagstaff / Flagpole
Flank
Flanking
Flanking tower
Flat band
Flat joint
Flight
Flood hatch
Floor
Floor
Flue tile
Flush joint
Flute
Fluted column
Fluting
Fluted shaft
Footing / Base
Force
Fort
Fortification
Fortified place
Fortress
Fortress of the gods
Foundation
Foundation deposit
Four-lobed capital
Four-sided
Frame
Freestanding
Friction
Frieze
Frieze of flowers
Front
Front / Front wall
Front statue
Front temple
Funerary complex
Funerary cone
Funerary enclosure
Furnace
Gallery
Garden
Gargoyle
Gate / Gateway
Gateway with a cavetto cornice
Gauging
Girdle wall
Glacis
Godroon
Gold
Granary
Granit / Granite
Granodiorite
Grave
Grave of courtier
Greywacke
Groove
Groove for final dressing
Gypsum
Hall of appearances
Harbour
Harem
Hathor-headed capital
Hathor-headed column
Haunch
Hawk-headed sphinx
Head jamb
Header (masonry)
Heb-sed pavilion
Hemispeos
Heraldic pillar
Herring-bone work
Hieracocephalus sphinx
Hieracosphinx
High wall
Hollowing out
Holy of the holies
Horizontal course
Horizontal flanking
Horned altar
House
House of life
Human-handed sphinx
Human-headed sphinx
Hut
Hydragogue
Hypaethral temple
Hypogeum
Hyponome
Hypostyle hall
Impluvium
Impost
In-and-out bond
Inclined bed
Inclined course
Inner arrangement
(of a pyramid)
Inner enclosure
Inner slope (fortification)
Inner temple
Inner temple
Inselberg
Interaxial distance
Intercolumniation
Intermediate landing
Internal ramp
Intrados
Irregular masonry
Isodomic masonry
Jamb
Joint
Joist
Jubilar temple
Jujube
Key-stone
Kiosk
Krossai
L-shaped corner block
Labyrinth
Landing
Landing stage
Large concave moulding of quarter round profile
Lateral opening
Lateral sloping ramp
Layer
Layer (of a vault)
Lean mortar
Leosphinx
Level (v.)
Level down (v.)
Level surface / Levelling course
Levelling course
Lever hole / Lever socket
Library
Light opening
Lighthouse
Lime
Lime mortar
Limestone
Lintel
Lintel curved from below
Lip
Liquid grouting
Load
Load-bearing wall
Loads carried to the ground
Lock
Log
Loophole
Lotus cluster capital
Lotus cluster column
Lower door-socket
Machicolation
Magazine
Magic brick
Main part of a building
Main structure
Malqaf
Mammisi
Manhole
Margin
Masonry
Masonry
Masonry with alternate courses of headers and stretchers
Masonry with courses of headers and stretchers
Mass
Mastaba
Mat
Mat (masonry)
Megalith
Menhir
Merlon
Metal
Metapelite
Migdol
Minor step pyramid
Modius
Monolith
Monumental gateway
Monumental scarab
Mooring bollard
Mortar
Mortar
Mortar joint
Mortise
Mortuary temple
Mould / Moulding
Moulded brick
Mound
Mud brick
Mud mortar
Mullion
Muna coating
Naked (column)
Naophorous statue
Naos
Narrow part
Nawamis
Necropolis
Newel post
Niche
Niched architecture
Niched wall
Nilometer
Nubian sandstone
Nubian vault
Nucleus
Nummulitic limestone
Obelisk
Oculus
Offering hall
One wythe
Open hearth
Open lotus capital
Opening
Opening
Opus incertum joint
Orthostat
Osiride pillar / Osiride column
Out-of-plumb
Outer enclosure
Outer slope (fortification)
Overturning
Palace
Palace façade motif
Palisade
Palmiform capital
Palmiform column
Paneion
Panel
Papyrus bud capital
Papyrus bud column
Papyrus cluster capital
Papyrus cluster column
Parapet
Parapet (fortification)
Partition wall
Passage way
Patch
Pathway
Pavement / Paving
Pavement / Paving
Pavilion
Pedestal
Percussion
Peribolos
Peripteral temple
Peristasis
Peristyle
Peristyle court
Perpend
Pestle
Pier
Pier (of a vault)
Pilaster
Pillar
Pillar statue
Pillar-like stela
Pin (masonry)
Pipe
Pisé
Pit
Pivot
Plaster
Plaster mortar
Plating
Plinth
Plinth
Plugging block
Plumb
Pointed barrel vault
Pole
Pole
Polygonal shaft
Porch
Portcullis
Portico
Post
Postern
Precinct wall
Press
Prismatic recess
Private tomb
Projection
Pronaos
Prop
Proportion
Propyleum
Propylon
Prostyle temple
Protective boss
Protodoric column
Protopylon
Provincial pyramid
Ptolemaic lime
Putlog
Pylon
Pylon tower
Pyramid
Pyramid temple
Pyramid town
Pyramidion
Qanât
Quarry
Quartzite
Quatrefoil capital
Quay
Quay
Quern
Quoining
Radiating and crossing walls
Raft
Raked joint
Ram-headed sphinx
Ram-headed statue
Rammed earth
Ramp
Rampart
Range masonry
Re-used block
Recess for inserting door leaf
Recessed joint
Recessed wall
Red granite
Reed
Regular coursed masonry
Regular masonry
Reinforced wall
Reinforcement
Relieving chamber
Relieving vault
Retaining wall
Reveal
Rib
Ribbed column
Ribbed shaft
Ring (of a vault)
Rise
Riser of a step
Rising joint
Rock temple
Rocker
Roof / Roof covering / Roofing
Roof slab
Rough (stone)
Rough cut
Rough-cut block / Rough ashlar
Roughing
Round column
Round shaft
Rounded top wall
Row
Rowlock header
Rubble masonry
Rubble stone
Rubble work
Rush
Rustication
Sacred lake
Saddle vault
Saff tomb
Sanatorium
Sand
Sarcophagus
Satellite pyramid
Scaffolding
Scarp
Scarped (wall)
Schist
Screen wall
Sculpture in the round
Sebakh
Secondary tomb / Grave
Section
Serapeion
Serapeum
Serdab
Serdab squints
Settling
Sewer
Shaft
Shaft tomb
Shear
Shell (of a building)
Shena-wab
Shore
Shoulder
Shrine
Silicified sandstone
Silo
Silt
Silver
Simple door frame
Sinking
Sinusoidal wall
Sistrum column
Sistrum statue
Skeleton walls
Slab
Sliding block
Sliding bolt
Slope
(of a pyramid)
Small column
Small edifice
Small fort
Socle
Soffit
Soldier course
Solicitation
Spalling
Span
Speos
Sphinx
Sphinx alleyway
Spiraling ramp
Splay
Splayed sill and head
(of a window)
Splitting
Springer
Springing
Spur wall
Square
Squaring
Stairs / Stairway
Stairwell wall
Standard-bearing statue
Standing stone
Staple
Statue
Stela
Stela-bearing statue
Step
Step
Step pyramid
Stepped course
Stereobate
Stereotomy
Stiffener
Stilted vault
Stone
Stone circle
Straight sloping ramp
Strengthening wall
Stress
Stretcher
String wall
Stronghold
Strut
Stuc / Stucco
Stucco-work
Stylobate
Subsidence
Subsidiary pyramid
Subsidiary tomb / Grave
Substructure / Substruction
Sun court
Sun temple
Superstructure
Support
Surrounding wall
Swnw tower
Sycomore
Tabernacle
Tafla
Talatat
Tamarisk
Tank
Tapering / Trapezoidal
Temenos
Temper
Temple
Temple of millions of years
Tenon
Tension
Tent-pole column
Terrace
Terraced temple
Theophoric statue
Thick joint
Thickening
Thin joint
Thinning
Threshold
Thrust
Timber
Timber framework
Tomb
Toothing masonry
Top
Top face
Torsion
Torus base
Torus moulding
Torus moulding
Tower
Traction
Transenna
Transom light door
Transom panel
Transport boss
Trapezoidal stonework
Tread depth / Tread of a step
Treading vat
Treasure
Trench
True pyramid
Truncated tapered base
Truncated tapered shaft
Tumulus
Tunnel vault
Tuyères
Underwashing / Undermining
Undulated course
Undulating wall
Unsorted stones
Upper door-socket
Upright megalith
Valley temple
Vault
Vault
Vaulted roof
Vaulted roof
Ventilating
Vertical base
(of a column)
Vertical base angled off at the top
Vertical flanking
Vertical vault
Voussoir
Voussoir next the key-stone
Wabet
Wall
Wall base
Wall bracket
Wall face / Wall plane
Warehouse
Watchtower
Water ditch
Water spout
Wattle / Wattlework
Wattle-and-daub
Wavy wall
Way station
Weight
Well
Well chamber
Whitewash
Widened base
Windcatcher
Winding stairs
Window
Window grille
Window with grille
Window leaf
Window of appearances
Window of shu
Window opening
Window with grille
Winged sun
Wood
Wooden-supported bartizan
Work / Masonry
Wrapping ramp
Zenithal opening
Zig-zagging ramp
Zoomorphic statue
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