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Identité et altérité culturelles : le cas des Hittites dans le Proche-Orient ancien

Collectif. — Book in French. Comment les Hittites, ce peuple de langue indo-européenne, qui a vécu en Anatolie au second millénaire avant J.-C., a-t-il construit son identité ? Il s'agit ici d'étudier les Hittites non pas de leur point de vue – comme il est habituel de le faire –, mais du point de vue des «autres», de ceux qui ont contribué à la construction de cette identité. Pour ne citer qu'eux : les Hourrites ont eu une grande influence dans le domaine religieux, les Louvites sont à l'origine des hiéroglyphes hittito-louvites… (Details)

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Observations on the Lyric Structure of Hurrian Songs and the Fragment KBo 35.39
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by Dennis R.M. CAMPBELL. — Les difficultés rencontrées lors de la traduction des chants hurrites d’Ougarit sont nombreuses, mais on peut faire plusieurs observations sur le style de ces chants. En explorant leur structure lyrique, on dégage deux styles : chants avec paroles continues et chants avec refrains…
 
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Prolégomènes à l’étude des relations de pouvoir entre les entités animées dans KTU 1.1-6. Cadre relationnel de ʿAnatu et Baʿlu
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by Vanessa JULOUX. — It has been commonly understood that Baʿlu and ʿAnatu are sometimes lovers, sometimes brother and sister, sometimes both. Thanks to fallibilism, new fields of investigations have now become possible, thereby challenging any deterministic dogma. By combining pragmatics (utterance comprehension in context), philosophy of action (motivation and intentionality), empiricism and deontic power (rights and obligations), I investigate…
 
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Les dispositions internationales des rois hittites trouvées à Ougarit. Décrets ou jugements ? Une proposition de classification
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by Marta PALLAVIDINI. — The present contribution proposes a classification of the documents issued by the Hittite kings from Šuppiluliuma I to Tutḫaliya IV that have been found in the archives at Ugarit. The new proposal of classification is…
 
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L’apprentissage de la métrologie à Ougarit à la fin de l’âge du Bronze récent
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Within the lexicographic framework, the metrological texts in Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform discovered at Ras-Shamra provide a testimony for the formulation of metrological knowledge at Ugarit towards the end of the Late Bronze Age. I Have chosen to compare these data with the older material from Nippur and hope to show that the Ugaritic measures of content and surface show Old-Babylonian antecedents for some of their elements while others are of local origin.
 

 

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La littérature d'Ougarit, creuset de traditions venues d'outremer et d'outremonts
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The myths of Ras Shamra-Ugarit contain a western legacy illustrated by the gods Kôtharu wa Hasisu and Qadisu wa 'Amraru and related to the migration of skills. The eastern legacy is illustrated by the mythico-magic document “H˚oron and the snakes”, related to the transfers of knowledge. In the legends of Kirta and Aqhatu, several elements are related to the transmission of wisdom.
 

 

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La mythologie ougaritique dans son cadre historique
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Scholarly opinion on the origins of Ugaritic mythology, in particularly the myths having to do with the storm deity Baʿlu, has varied considerably over the eighty some years since the discovery of these tablets. Traditional Mesopotamian sources were cited as parallels early on, then Amorite influence was posited.  Recently, the hypothesis of a Mesopotamian connection has been revived under a new form.  These varied explanations for a Levantine mythology showing similarities with other Near-Eastern mythologies, not to mention Aegean ones, will be passed rapidly in review and the peculiarities of the Ugaritic version will be emphasized.
 

 

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Le cas d'Ewri-Sarruma, fils royal
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Ewri-Sarruma is one of these high-ranking persons of the Syro-anatolian society which is DUMU.LUGAL "royal son" and which we find in the texts of Ougarit, Bogazköy and on the seals of Nişantepe. This article takes back all these documents, the various written forms of the name Ewri-Sarruma as well as an analysis of this person. I also try to date most exactly possible these texts and seals.
 

 

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La montagne d’après les données textuelles d’Ougarit
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This study of the textual data from Ugarit concerning mountains is organized around three topics. First, mountains are viewed as an elemental part of the sacred landscape of the kingdom of Ugarit, dwellings of gods, meeting place of divinities, the edge of the world. Then the question of the identification of administrative districts in terms of geographical regions is treated. The final theme is the importance for the economy of the natural resources found in the mountainous areas, particularly animal husbandry, agriculture and timber industry.
 
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Distribution sociale de l’architecture domestique à Ougarit
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Did Ugaritans gather in separate quarters of the city and, whether it is the case, how is it marked architecturally? Six criteria have been established which allow to classify 33 houses in terms of social stratification. These are groundsurface, use of ashlar, hydraulic equipment, funeral devices, modifications of the surface and organisation of the house. Their application seems to indicate a strong distinction between people from the north-western part of the tell and those living in the following trenches : « Centre de la ville », « Ville et Sud » and maybe « Sud Acropole ». Actually, investment in domestic architecture seems much more important in the Residential and North-western quarters. The landed mobility on the tell is also looked into through the established criteria.
 
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