ISBN: 978-2-87457-127-5
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Phrygians in Disguise: Onomastic Evidence for Phrygian-Anatolian Ethnocultural Contact in Hieroglyphic-Luwian inscription PORSUK and elsewhere

 = Paper = 

by Rostislav ORESHKO, in Res Antiquae 18, 2021.

The present paper explores the evidence of the Hieroglyphic-Luwian inscription PORSUK from ethnolinguistic, epigraphic and historical perspectives. It is suggested that the author of the inscription, Parḫuiras, son of Atis, is a Phrygian integrated into the Luwian linguistic and cultural milieu of South-Western Cappadocia. The name of his overlord, the king Masaur(a)ḫis(s)as, represents in all probability a Luwian adoption of Phrygian Masa Urgitos (name + patronymic) found in the Old-Phrygian inscription from Kerkenes Daǧ, which allows one to identify the latter as an early (8th century BC) East-Phrygian prince. It is further argued that Parḫuittas attested in the cuneiform letter KBo 18.18 as a (Great) King of a West-Anatolian land in a way associated with Wiluša (Troy) has a similar ethnocultural background, and can probably be identified as a king of the Late Broze Māša, and thus a predecessor of the Great King Ḫartapus.

Keywords: Phrygian, Luwian, Anatolia, Maša, Cappadocia, Tyana, cultural contact, Anatolian Iron Age