ISBN: 978-2-87457-118-3

Egypt and Kush in neo-assyrian royal inscriptions

 = Paper = 

by Mattias KARLSSON, in Res Antiquae 17, 2020.

In the 8th and 7th centuries BCE, the Neo-Assyrian empire (centred in today’s Iraq) came in close contact with Egypt and Kush (modern-day Sudan). In 671 BCE, Assyrian forces managed to conquer (northern) Egypt – an Egypt which at this time was politically weak and fragmented, dominated by the Kushite state. African-Assyrian relations are a topic in the highly ideological Neo-Assyrian royal inscriptions. This paper focuses on how Egypt and Kush are portrayed in Neo-Assyrian royal inscriptions. The philological analysis showed that Egypt and Kush are described partly as targets of coercion, in their being subjects and enemies. It also showed that these lands are partly described as resources of various kinds (divine, animal, human, and material). Furthermore, the analysis showed that the factors reign, land, and source type all are relevant concerning differentiations in the portrayal.

Keywords: Egypt, Kush, assyrian royal inscriptions, Neo-assyrian empire
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